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Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, General Research and Reference Division

Edmund Dene Morel, King Leopold’s Rule in Africa (New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1905)

Prisoners in the Congo Free State

The Congo Free State-which was the size of England, France, Germany, Spain, and Italy combined and which was the private domain of King Leopold II of Belgium until 1908-experienced arguably the worst excesses of colonialism. It is estimated that up to ten million people died as a result of "pacification," forced labor, portage, indiscriminate slaughter, and slavery-like conditions.

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Image ID: 1104182
Title: Native Prisoners at Boma taking the air.
Source: King Leopold's rule in Africa.
Name: Morel, E. D. () - Author
Published: 1905
Location: General Research and Reference Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Subjects: Boma (Bas-Fleuve, Congo)
Congo Free State
Léopold II, King of the Belgians, 1835-1909
Physical restraints

Keywords: Belgium
Congo Free State
Men - Africa
Prisoners - Congo Free State
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