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The Colonial Period to 1900
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Susan D. Greenbaum, Afro-Cubans in Ybor City: A Centennial History (Tampa: [s.n.], 1986)

On the Way to New York

The Maldonado family left Tampa for New York in 1937. In the 1930s many Cubans moved from Tampa, where unemployment in the cigar industry was high after a failed strike and the replacement of workers with machines. More than half of the Afro-Cuban community left the city, mostly for New York. They settled mainly in East Harlem between 110th and 115th Streets. Some found work as cigarmakers; others were employed by hotels, restaurants, and the garment industry. Few returned to Tampa.

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