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Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Photographs and Prints Division

Richard B. Moore

Another vocal Caribbean activist was Richard Benjamin Moore (1893 - 1978). A civil rights advocate, communist leader, bibliophile, and champion of Caribbean and African self-determination, Moore, who was born in Barbados, migrated to the United States in 1909 and played an influential role in Harlem for more than fifty years. By 1918 he had become radicalized by the racism he experienced personally and the violence visited upon blacks across the country. He joined the Socialist Party and the African Blood Brotherhood (ABB), a paramilitary black nationalist organization. In 1925 he left the ABB and joined the Communist Party. However in 1942, Moore was expelled allegedly for his advocacy of Black Nationalism. After the break, he applied his energy and time to two causes he had supported even as an ardent communist: Pan-Africanism and Pan-Caribbeanism. He also operated the Frederick Douglass Book Center in Harlem and was the founder of the Afroamerican Institute. In the 1960s Richard Moore pioneered efforts to replace the term Negro with Afro-American. Pictured here on April 21, 1940, in New York are from the left W. A. Domingo, a Jamaican activist, first editor of Marcus Garvey's The Negro World, and founder of the Jamaica Progressive League in New York; Joel Augustus Rogers, a Jamaican prolific, self-taught historian; and Richard B. Moore.

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Image ID: 1225998
Title: Domingo - Moore Debate, New York City, April 21, 1940; Left to right: W. A. Domingo, J. A. Rogers; Richard B. Moore, and George Weston [in background].
Source: Richard B. Moore portrait collection.
Depicted: April 21, 1940
Location: Photographs and Prints Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Subjects: African American communists
Black nationalism
Domingo, W. A. (Wilfred Adolphus), 1889-1968
Moore, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin)
New York (N.Y.)
Rogers, J. A. (Joel Augustus), 1880-1966
West Indians -- United States
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