After having been a teacher at Catholic schools and a student at the Roman Catholic Seminary in the Gold Coast, Francis Nwia Kofi Nkrumah (he changed his name to Kwame in 1945) attended Lincoln University in 1935. He obtained two B.A. degrees, and by 1943 he had been awarded two master's degrees (in education and philosophy) by the University of Pennsylvania. A strong pan-Africanist, Nkrumah (1909-1972) helped found the African Studies Association and the African Students Association of America and Canada. In 1945, he was voted "Most Outstanding Professor of the Year" at Lincoln University. Nkrumah returned to his country in 1947 after a short stay in London and entered politics. He was elected the first Prime Minister of independent Ghana in 1957 and the first President in 1960. The picture on the left was taken in 1939 when Nkrumah was a student at Lincoln University; the one on the right in 1964 when he was president of Ghana.