Browse By Migrations Geography Timeline Source Materials Education Materials Search
Runaway Journeys
First ImagePrevious ImageImage GalleryNext ImageLast Image
view larger imageview larger image request a copy request a copy

Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Photographs and Prints Division

Henry Highland Garnett

Garnett (1815-1882), a runaway, became a prominent abolitionist. He escaped from slavery in Maryland with his father in 1825. He later attended the African Free School in New York City and studied to become a minister at the Oneida Theological Institute. He then moved to Troy, New York, and in 1842 became the pastor of the town’s only black Presbyterian Church. By the 1850s, he was among the nation’s most prominent and outspoken abolitionists. He traveled to Germany, England, and Scotland, speaking against slavery. During the Civil War, he urged African Americans to serve in the Union Army. In 1865 he was the first African American to deliver a sermon before the United States House of Representatives. He later was appointed Minister to Liberia, where he died and was honored with a state funeral. He argued that freedom was not going to be given to blacks by sympathetic whites. "They are our allies," Garnett asserted "Ours is the Battle." 

Hide indexing information
Image ID: 485488
Title: Henry Highland Garnett.
Source: Men of mark: eminent, progressive and rising.
Name: Simmons, William J. (1849-1890) - Author
Published: 1887
Location: General Research and Reference Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Subjects: African American abolitionists
African American men
African American missionaries
African Civilization Society (U.S.)
Fugitive slaves -- United States
Garnet, Henry Highland, 1815-1882

Keywords: Abolitionists
American Colonization Society
Emigration
Fugitive Slaves
Garnett, Henry Highland
Haitian Emigration Bureau
Men - United States
Presbyterians
First ImagePrevious ImageImage GalleryNext ImageLast Image
Home About Glossary The New York Public Library
Privacy Policy | Rules & Regulations | Using the Internet | Website Terms & Conditions

© The New York Public Library, 2005.