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Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, General Research and Reference Division

Sir Harry Hamilton Johnston, Liberia , vol. I (London: Hutchinson & Co., 1906)

Maroon Peace Treaty

The Maroons led several wars against the British in Jamaica. In 1795 and 1796, Trelawny Town Maroons, under the leadership of Cudjo, fought once again against the settlers. At the end of the conflict, several hundred Maroons were deported to Nova Scotia, where they complained of the cold weather and poor land. They were eventually transported to Sierra Leone. Five hundred and fifty Maroons arrived there in 1800. "They were a people active and intrepid by nature, prodigal of their lives, confident of their strength, proud of the character of their body, and fond, though not jealous, of their independence. This had been acquired through a long period of free and unrestrained habits on the mountains of Jamaica, where they had for many years been the only free black element of the population." Claude George, The Rise of British West Africa, comprising the early history of the colony of Sierra Leone, The Gambia, Lagos, Gold Coast, etc. (London: Frank Cass & Co., 1904)

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Image ID: 1222738
Title: The Treaty of Peace between the British and the Maroon Negroes of West Jamaica, 1738.
Source: The Negro in the New World / by Sir Harry H. Johnston ; with one illustration in colour by the author and 390 black and white illustrations by the author and others ; maps by Mr. J. W. Addison.
Name: Johnston, Harry Hamilton, Sir (1858-1927) - Author
Location: General Research and Reference Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Subjects: Maroons -- Jamaica
Peace treaties
West Indies, British
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