National Urban League

This organization, first called the National League on Urban Conditions among Negroes, was established in 1911. Its organizers considered that the transition into urban settings could be difficult for those accustomed to rural or small-town settings. Early on, the league established a presence in places like Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and St. Louis. League counselors provided training programs, advised city residents on job openings, and developed relationships with companies interested in hiring promising employees. The group's ongoing efforts have made it a significant presence within the black communities served.