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Return Migration to the South

Angelou, Maya. "Why Blacks Are Returning to Their Southern Roots." Ebony, April 1990.

"Atlanta: New Mecca for Young Blacks." Ebony, September 1973.

Ayres, B. Drummond, Jr. "Prosperity Spreads to the Rural South." New York Times, March 29, 1977, p. 33.

_____. "Growth Slowing Black Exodus from the Rural South," New York Times, May 8, 1977, p. 1.

"Blacks Migrating to South for Jobs, Study Also Cites New Racial Tolerance." Chicago Tribune, January 29, 1998, p. 5.

Booker, Simeon. "Black Business Is Tops in South." Ebony, August 1971.

Campbell, Rex R., Daniel M. Johnson, and Gary Strangler. "Return Migration of Black People to the South." Rural Sociology 39 (1974): 514-28.

Cromartie, John B., and Carol B. Stack. "Reinterpretation of Black Return and Nonreturn Migration to the South, 1975-1980." Geographical Review 79 (1989): 297-310.

Frey, William H. "Black Migration to the South Reaches Record Highs in the 1990s." Population Today 26, no. 2 (1998): 1-3.

Fuguitt, Glenn V., and John A. Fulton. "The Shifting Patterns of Black Migration from and into the Nonmetropolitan South, 1965-95." In Rural Development and Research Report. Madison, Wis.: Economic Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 2001.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. America Behind the Color Line: Dialogues with African Americans. Warner Books, 2004.

"It's Good to Be Home Again." Ebony, August 1971.

Johnson, Daniel M., and Rex R. Campbell. Black Migration in America: A Social Demographic History. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1981.

_____. "Black Return Migration to a Southern Metropolitan Community: Birmingham, Alabama." Ph.D. diss., University of Missouri.

Johnson, James H., Jr., and David M. Grant. "Post-1980 Black Population Redistribution Trends in the United States." Southeastern Geographer 37 (1997): 1-19.

Johnson, Thomas A. "Black Migration to South Is Urged." New York Times, September 5, 1971, p. 37.

Lieberson, Stanley. "A Reconsideration of the Income Differences Found Between Migrants and Northern-Born Blacks." American Journal of Sociology 83 (January 1978): 940-66.

Long, Larry H., and Kristen A. Hansen. "Selectivity of Black Return Migration to the South." Rural Sociology 42 (1977): 317-31.

McHugh, Kevin E. "Black Migration Reversal in the United States." Geographical Review 77 (1987): 171-82.

McLeod, Ramon G. "Blacks Returning to the South in a New Migration Trend." San Francisco Chronicle, March 30, 1998, News Section, p. A1.

Mullen, William. "The Road to Hell for Cabrini-Green: It Was Paved with Good Intentions." Chicago Tribune, March 31, 1985, p. 11.

Palmer, Ann Therese. "Blacks Look Homeward to the South." Chicago Tribune, May 31, 2003, p. 1.

Robinson, Isaac. "Back to the South." American Demographics 8 (1976):40-43.

Roseman, Curtis C. "Channelization of Migration Flows from the Rural South to the Industrial Midwest." Proceedings of the Association of American Geographers 3 (1971): 140-46.

_____. "African American Migration Back to the South." Paper presented at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York, December 2001.

"The South Today." Ebony, August 1971.

Stack, Carol. Call to Home: African Americans Reclaim the Rural South. New York: Basic Books, 1996.

Sugrue, Thomas J. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Tackett, Michael. "Urban Children Find Refuge in the South." Chicago Tribune, July 28, 1991, p. 15.

Tolnay, Stewart E. "Educational Selection in the Migration of Southern Blacks, 1880-1990." Social Forces 77 (1998): 487-514.

U.S. Bureau of the Census. Black or African American Alone Population 5 Years and Over: State of Residence in 2000 by State of Residence in 1995. Washington D.C., 2003.

Walls, Dwayne E. The Chickenbone Special. New York: Hartcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1971.

Weinstein, Bernard L., Harold T. Gross, and John Rees. Regional Growth and Decline in the United States, 2nd ed. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1985.

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