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Runaway Journeys

Aptheker, Herbert. American Negro Slave Revolts, 5th edition. New York: International Publishers, 1983.

____________."Maroons Within the Present Limits of the United States." Journal of Negro History 24 (1939): 167-84.

Berlin, Ira. Slaves Without Masters: The Free Negro in the Antebellum South. New York: Pantheon Books, 1974.

Blackett, Richard J. M. Beating Against the Barriers: Biographical Essays in Nineteenth-century Afro-American History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.

Blockson, Charles L. Hippocrene Guide to the Underground Railroad. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1994.

Brown, Canter, Jr. "The Sarrazota, or Runaway Negro Plantations: Tampa Bay’s First Black Community, 1812-1821." Tampa Bay History 12 (Fall/Winter 1990): 5-19.

Campbell, Stanley W. The Slave Catchers: Enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Law, 1850-1860. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.

Dusinberre, William. Them Dark Days: Slavery in the American Rice Swamps. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Egerton, Douglas R. Gabriel’s Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies of 1800 and 1802. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993.

Finkleman, Paul, ed. Fugitive Slaves, Articles on American Slavery. Vol. 6. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1989.

Franklin, John Hope. The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1943.

____________. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of American Negroes. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1947.

Franklin, John Hope, and Loren Schweninger. Runaway Slaves: Rebels on the Plantation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Gara, Larry. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1961.

Gatewood, Willard. "'To Be Truly Free': Louis Sheridan and the Colonization of Liberia." Civil War History 29 (December 1983): 332.

Gordon, Asa H. "The Struggle of the Negro Slaves for Physical Freedom." Journal of Negro History 13 (January 1928): 22-35.

Hadden, Sally E. Slave Patrols: Law and Violence in Virginia and the Carolinas. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Harrold, Stanley.  "Freeing the Weems Family: A New Look at the Underground Railroad." Civil War History 42 (December1996): 289-306.

Johnson, Michael P. "Runaway Slaves and the Slave Communities in South Carolina, 1799 to 1830." William and Mary Quarterly 38 (July 1981): 418-41.

Leaming, Hugo Prosper. Hidden Americans: Maroons of Virginia and the Carolinas. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.,1995.

Litwack, Leon.  North of Slavery: The Negro in the Free States, 1790-1860. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961.

____________. "South Carolina Fugitives as Viewed Through Local Colonial Newspapers with Emphasis on Runaway Notices 1732-1801." Journal of Negro History 60 (April 1975): 288-319.

Miller, Floyd J.  The Search for a Black Nationality: Black Emigration and Colonization, 1787-1863. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1975.

Mulroy, Kevin. Freedom on the Border: The Seminole Maroons in Florida, the Indian Territory, Coahuila, and Texas. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 1993.

Nash, Gary B.  Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia's Black Community, 1720-1840. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988.

Northrup, Solomon. Twelve Years a Slave, Narrative of Solomon Northrup, a Citizen of New York, Kidnaped in Washington City in 1841, and Rescued in 1853, from a Cotton Plantation Near the Red River in Louisiana. Cincinnati: Henry W. Derby Publisher, 1853; rpt., edited by Sue Eakin and Joseph Logsdon, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1968.

Olmstead, Frederick Law. The Cotton Kingdom: A Traveller's Observations on Cotton and Slavery in the American Slave States, Arthur M. Schlesinger. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1953.

____________. A Journey in the Seaboard Slave States, with Remarks on Their Economy. New York: Dix and Edwards, 1856.

Pease, William H, and Jane H. Pease.  Black Utopia: Negro Communal Experiments in America. Madison: The State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1963.

Phillips, Christopher.  Freedom's Port: The African American Community of Baltimore, 1790-1860. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Porter, Kenneth W. "Florida Slaves and Free Negroes in the Seminole War, 1835-1842." Journal of Negro History 28 (October 1943): 390-421.

____________. "Negroes in the Seminole War, 1835-1842." Journal of Southern History 30 (November 1964): 427-50.

____________. "Three Fighters for Freedom." Journal of Negro History 28 (January 1943): 51-72.

Price, Richard. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas. Baltimore and London: The John Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Quarles, Benjamin. "Freedom Fettered: Blacks in the Constitutional Era in Maryland, 1776-1810 - An Introduction." Maryland Historical Magazine 84 (Winter1989): 299-304.

Rawick, George, ed. The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography. 19 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Company, 1972.

Schweninger, Loren, ed. From Tennessee Slave to St. Louis Entrepreneur: The Autobiography of James Thomas, with Foreword by John Hope Franklin. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1984.

____________.  "A Fugitive Negro in the Promised Land: James Rapier in Canada, 1856-1865. Ontario History 67 (June 1975): 91-104.

Strother, Horatio T. The Underground Railroad in Connecticut. Middletown, Conn.: Wesleyan University Press, 1962.

Switala, William J.  Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania. Mechanicsburg, Penn.: Stackpole Books, 2001.

Toplin, Robert Brent. "Peter Still Versus the Peculiar Institution." Civil War History 13 (December 1967): 340-49.

Wilson, Carol. Freedom at Risk: The Kidnapping of Free Blacks in America, 1780-1865. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1994.

Windley, Lathan Algerna. A Profile of Runaway Slaves in Virginia and South Carolina from 1730-1787. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1995.

Winks, Robin.  The Blacks in Canada: A History.  New Haven, Comm.: Yale University Press, 1971.

Wood, Peter. Black Majority: Negroes in Colonial South Carolina from 1670 through the Stono Rebellion. New York: Knopf, 1974.

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